Judge Hellerstein Dismisses Copyright Suit Against Author of The Art of Fielding

In an opinion yesterday, Judge Hellerstein dismissed a suit claiming that the popular novel The Art of Fielding unlawfully misappropriated elements of the story from an unpublished novel called Bucky’s 9th.  After reading both works, Judge Hellerstein found they were not substantially similar:

When read in context, the portions or features of TOAF that are alleged to be similar to Bucky’s are either abstract ideas, scenes a faire, or trivial details insignificant to the either of the two works. True, both works are about a struggling Division III baseball college team, and both works track the baseball team’s changed fortunes after the arrival of a new player. But that is the extent of the similarities.

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Owner of “Let’s Get It On” Copyright Sues Ed Sheeran for $100 Million

This week, the owner of the copyright for Marvin Gaye’s hit song “Let’s Get It On” filed a complaint against English singer-songwriter Ed Sheeran.  The complaint alleges that Sheeran’s song “Thinking Out Loud” copies large parts of Gaye’s work, including its vocal melodies, bass lines, chord progression, and harmonic rhythm.  “Thinking Out Loud” was nominated for a Grammy Award for Song of the Year in 2016.

The complaint includes a single claim for copyright infringement and alleges damages of $100 million.

A judge has not been assigned to the case.

Judge Preska Declares Consumer Finance Protection Bureau Unconstitutional

In an opinion today, Judge Preska dismissed the Consumer Finance Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) from an action after finding that, because the CFPB’s structure was unconstitutional, it lacked the authority to bring claims under the Consumer Finance Protection Act (“CFPA”).

The CFPB and the New York Attorney General had originally brought claims against companies that offered cash advances to consumers waiting on payouts from settlement agreements, which were allegedly usurious loans under New York law.  Judge Preska challenged whether the CFPB could bring these claims in the first place, adopting the dissenting opinion of Judge Brett Kavanaugh from a recent D.C. Circuit decision.  The majority in that case found that the CFPB was constitutional (a finding that did not bind Judge Preska).  Judge Kavanaugh had argued that the CFPB was unconstitutional because its head, a single director, could not be removed by the President without cause and was not beholden to any other commissioners or board members at the CFPB.  According to Judge Kavanaugh, this violated the principle of separation of powers by divesting executive authority from the President in violation of Article II’s command that “The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America.”

Judge Preska did find, however, that the New York Attorney General separately had the authority to bring claims under the CFPA and thus allowed the claims to proceed.

Judge Oetken Enforces “Faustian Bargain” of Free Software In Exchange for User Data

In an opinion Wednesday, Judge Oetken ruled that it was not unconscionable for UnrollMe, a provider of free software to help unsubscribe consumers from unwanted email, to enforce the users’ agreement to allow the company to use or sell their data, at least on an anonymized basis — notwithstanding that people may not like this sort of arrangement: Continue Reading

Citing Virtues of “Inter-Court Dialogue,” Judge Oetken Refuses to Transfer EPA Case to Texas Court Considering Similar Issues

In an opinion yesterday, Judge Oetken refused to transfer to the Southern District of Texas a challenge to the EPA’s decision to suspend a rule from the previous administration, concerning the definition of “navigable waters.”  The Southern District of Texas is considering similar issues in a related case, but Judge Oetken found that the desire for uniformity was not enough to justify the transfer: Continue Reading

Judge Buchwald: Trump Can’t Block Twitter Users Under First Amendment

In an opinion yesterday, Judge Buchwald found that President Trump’s practice of blocking users on Twitter (typically after they post a comment critical of the President) violates the First Amendment. The plaintiffs (who included individual users as well as the Knight First Amendment Institute) claimed that preventing them from viewing comments, replying to tweets, and participating in comment threads denies access to an important public forum in the 21st century (see our initial coverage here).

After finding that the plaintiffs had standing, Judge Buchwald determined that the President’s Twitter account was appropriately analyzed as a public forum.  Judge Buchwald reasoned that the account is subject to government control for First Amendment purposes in part because President Trump has used the account “to take actions that can be taken only by the President as President.”  Judge Buchwald then determined that the President may not block users on Twitter based on their political views.  In doing so, she emphasized that blocking users goes further than merely “muting” them, insofar as blocking actually limits the blocked user’s “right to speak”: Continue Reading

Judge Engelmayer Rejects Claim That “Diet” Label on Soda Implies Weight Loss

In an opinion Thursday, Judge Engelmayer dismissed claims by plaintiffs who alleged that they were defrauded into buying Diet Pepsi because they thought that the word “Diet” implied it would help with weight loss.  He found that, in context, the plaintiffs’ alleged inference was not a reasonable one, since the term “Diet” refers to the beverage’s attributes as compared to regular Pepsi:

“Diet” immediately precedes “Pepsi,” and thereby connotes a relative health claim—that Diet Pepsi assists in weight management relative to regular Pepsi. While neither the [complaint] nor plaintiffs’ brief in opposition so much as mentions regular Pepsi, reading “Diet Pepsi” without reference to Pepsi deprives the term “Diet” of its essential referent.  The [complaint] does not dispute that Diet Pepsi assists in weight management relative to regular Pepsi. On this basis alone, plaintiffs cannot maintain a claim that reasonable consumers have been deceived by the term “Diet Pepsi.”

Second, even if the word “diet” may sometimes identify weight-loss products (as in “diet pills” or other products available in a pharmaceutical aisle), in the context of soft drinks, the term unambiguously signals reduced calorie content relative to the non-diet version of the drink in question.  Dictionary definitions specifically defining “diet” in the context of soft drinks confirms this.

Judge Sweet Rejects Shareholder Derivative Settlement With Hollow Governance Reforms

In an opinion Thursday, Judge Sweet rejected a proposed settlement of a shareholder derivative case because the consideration for the settlement consisted of three corporate governance reforms that were all but meaningless, such as a commitment to vague and unspecified “training” and a commitment to maintain the same ethics code that existed all along and that apparently didn’t help prevent the underlying wrongdoing: Continue Reading

Magistrate Judge Aaron: Producers of “To Kill a Mockingbird” Have Two Weeks to Put on a Show

On Monday, Magistrate Judge Aaron ordered that the producers of To Kill a Mockingbird must film a performance of their play no later than May 15 as part of expedited discovery in their dispute with the estate of novelist Harper Lee.  The producers are seeking a judicial declaration that the play (with a script written by Aaron Sorkin) is consistent with a written agreement to the rights to the play for just these purposes (see our previous coverage here).

Judge Torres has set a June 4 trial date – less than two months after the complaint was filed.

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